modern abstract art
Abstract Art has evolved from modern art and is often
called Modern Abstract Art. It is art that does not narrate
a tale or copy a real object but captures its essence and
reality. Cubism, Futurism and ex-pressionism came
under the genre of abstract art. These artists broke the art
forms to the very basic giving a glimpse of its entirety in
the final form. The art pieces emoted the quality of the
subject instead of painting its external structure. Abstract
art is also called non- figurative art.
The use of abstraction in art can be traced back to ancient
Islamic and Jewish cultures. Human figures were not allowed
to be shown in both the cultures which led to the evolution
of quality decoration in their art. Calligraphy is an apt
example of non figurative art. Western culture has also
shown instances of abstraction in their art.
Abstract art is distinct from design and decoration in the
sense that it traverses the inner world of emotion and
thought. Abstract creation seeks to express visual
sensations, well demonstrated in the work of Whistler’s
painting ‘Nocturne’. He said that art should deal with the
harmonious arrangement of colours. The ‘Falling Rocket’ in
1874 was a big stride in the world of abstraction.
At a later stage, modern abstract art tried to depict
spiritualism. This movement was led by Wassily Kandinsky who
surmised that nature and science were run by forces which
were spiritual in nature. Art should strive to reveal the
spirit behind the visual world of matter.
Theosophy and other esoteric sciences left their mark on
modern abstract art in terms of thought. The abstractionists
sought to divine the psychological powers generated by
emotions and thoughts through colour and imagery.
The abstract paintings of 1911 were mainly shown by Malevich,
Goncharova, Kandinsky etc. They stood for concepts and
manifestos. Two modern abstract painters whose works can be
seen today are Sean Scully and Yuko.
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